Introduction to Life Insurance
Getting to grips with the basics
What We Do
Insurance & Protection
Life insurance may not be at the top of many people’s ‘to do’ list, but arguably it’s one of the most important financial products anyone can take out, and one of the best ways of protecting your loved ones financially. Here, we’ll provide answers to a few of the questions we’re regularly asked by clients.
Do I Need Life Insurance?
If you need convincing that life insurance is a good product to buy, ask yourself this question. If you were to die, how much money would your family have to live on? Many families would find themselves running short of money very quickly. Your salary would stop, but the household bills would keep coming in.
A payout from a policy could make the difference between your loved ones facing a financial struggle at a challenging emotional time, and being able to maintain the sort of lifestyle they enjoyed when you were still around.
Even if you are not the main breadwinner, you may still be the primary care giver, providing housekeeping and other home-based services that are vital to your family’s well-being and would be costly to replace.
UK insurers pay out a staggering £14.5m every day on protection policies including income protection, critical illness and life insurance, and 97.6% of claims are paid.
How Much Cover Do I Need?
There’s no simple answer to this, as the amount will vary with your lifestyle and your circumstances. You may want to protect your mortgage, cover household bills or provide a lump sum so that your children get a good education. The great thing about life insurance is that it can be tailored to your needs. We can help you assess how much is right for you, depending on your family circumstances.
How Much Can I Borrow?
Lenders calculate how much they can borrow based on both your income and your outgoings. They also take into account how much deposit you have available. That’s why it’s important to be able to show a potential lender that you manage your money well, don’t have huge debts, keep your spending under review and maintain your bank account in good order.
What is Term Insurance?
Term life insurance policies run for a fixed period of time such as 10 or 25 years and pay out if you die during the term of the policy. There are various forms of cover to choose from, including level term insurance, where the cover remains at a constant level throughout the policy, or decreasing term insurance where the level of benefit decreases over the policy term, although the premiums remain level. This type of cover is typically used in conjunction with a repayment mortgage, with the intention of repaying the outstanding amount if death occurs during the term. During the life of the policy, cover will cease if premiums are not maintained. There is no payment at the end of the term; if you live beyond the term of the policy, the cover terminates.
If the plan has no investment element it will have no cash in value at any time and will cease at the end of the term. If premiums are not maintained, then cover will lapse.
What is a Whole of Life Policy?
Whole-of-life policies, as their name suggests, provide cover that lasts a lifetime. This type of policy doesn’t normally have an end date, so premiums are paid until you die, at which point the policy pays out (sometimes premiums end at a certain age, say 80, but cover continues until your death). This type of cover is generally more expensive than term insurance as the policy will inevitably pay out one day, if premiums are maintained.
How much does Life Insurance cost?
The simple answer is probably less than you think. The cost of life insurance premiums has tended to come down over the last few years. For example, a healthy non-smoker aged 30 could get a 25-year term policy that would pay a lump sum of £100,000 for as little as £7 per month. It’s a very small price to pay when you consider that having no insurance could mean real financial hardship.
What is Critical Illness Cover?
Many people take out critical illness cover when they take out life insurance. It provides additional cover that means that their family would be financially protected if they were to suffer a critical illness and find themselves unable to work. Combining these two types of policy can result in cheaper premiums than if two separate policies were to be taken out. As with life insurance, you can specify the level of cover you want. The illnesses covered are set out in the policy and include the major ones such as cancer and heart disease, however illnesses covered can vary between providers and it is vital to check what’s covered and any exclusions that may apply.
How can my adviser help?
It can be hard to assess how much life insurance you need on your own, but that’s where we can help you. In order to reach a suitable figure, you will need to discuss and consider how much debt you have, including your mortgage, other loans you may have, including credit card debt, and also check if you have any life cover available as part of your employment package.
We will spend time assessing your needs and have the specialist expertise and knowledge that’s needed to help ensure you get the right policy in place
Critical illness plans may not cover all the definitions of a critical illness. The definitions vary between product providers and will be described in the key features and policy document if you go ahead with a plan.